Electrolytes are present in our body and balanced electrolytes are essential for normal functioning of our cells and organs. Common electrolytes are sodium, potassium, chloride and bicarbonates. Its imbalance could cause symptoms including rapid heart rate, headaches, weakness, blood pressure changes, thirst and even seizures etc.
These electrolytes are essential for the muscle function, nerve function and also regulate blood pressure and body fluid balance. Imbalanced electrolytes can result in variety of symptoms depending on which electrolyte is out of balance and whether it is high or low. Sodium is one of the most abundant electrolytes in our body which is necessary for maintaining the body’s fluid balance.
Imbalanced electrolytes can cause fatigue. Magnesium is vital for maintaining enzyme levels, keeping bones and our nervous system healthy. It also helps in the metabolism of other electrolytes like sodium, potassium and calcium.
Falling short on magnesium can result in fatigue. Daily recommendation is 400mg per day for men and 300mg per day for women according to National Institutes of Health. Add dark leafy vegetables, grains, nuts and seeds, whole grains and poultry for magnesium.
Potassium is involved in facilitating electrical impulses which is needed by our body for muscular contractions and for normal functioning of the brain and nerves. This electrolyte also controls our heart rate.
Low potassium happens during diarrhea, vomiting and even from some medications such as diuretics, laxatives etc and could cause muscle weakness, tingling, muscular spasms, palpitations and numbness. Too much potassium can also cause muscular weakness, and even life threatening cardiac disorder.
Tingling sensations in fingers and feet
Calcium is not only required for the formation of bone in our body but also for muscle contraction, blood clotting and maintaining normal heart rhythm. Too much calcium can cause thirst, kidney stones, bone pain, muscular weakness, constipation etc. Calcium deficiency often occurring as a result of Vitamin D deficiency can cause tingling in feet, fingers and other serious conditions as well.
Excessive itchiness and poor circulation
Imbalanced electrolytes especially phosphates, when they are too high, one can experience severe itchiness and calcification of blood vessels as well which can affect your circulatory system. Processed meats and canned foods are high in phosphates as it as a common preservative.
To balance your electrolytes levels, try eating foods rich in electrolytes- potatoes, spinach, sweet potatoes, mushrooms, peas and beans. Besides electrolytes, these foods are also rich in important vitamins and minerals, essential for brain health, muscle health and heart health.